Wednesday, September 8, 2010

Ways to Increase Water Supply

Some of the ways to increase water supply are:

1) Construct more water catchment areas

With the construction of more water catchment areas, more rainwater can be collected. This rainwater can be treated and sent to our homes. Thus, increasing water supply.

2) Improve relations with neighbouring countries

If Singapore were to have better relations with neighbouring countries, we can therefore be able to purchase freshwater from them.

3) Build more water treatment centres

If we build more water treatment areas, the treatment of water will take an even shorter time to be treated and therefore, increasing more water supply.

4) Construct more pipes to transport water.

Constrcting more pipes to transport water to our homes will result in more water reaching our taps.

Monday, September 6, 2010

Reasons for Water Constraint

1. Limited supply of fresh water

Only one percent of water on earth is fresh water that is readily available for human consumption. this fresh water which is stored in rivers, streams and lakes is called surface water. Somer fresh water can also be found deep underground and is known as groundwater.

2. Uneven distribution of fresh water

Example: canada has 20 percent of the worlds fresh water supply whereas, india has only 10 percent.This situation is made worse by the fact that india's population is 30 times that of canada.

These are some of the reasons for water constraint.

Wednesday, September 1, 2010

overview of water supply in singapore

Though located in a climatically wet region with more than 2,500 mm of rainfall annually, the island city-state of Singapore, with almost 4 million people and a robust economy, has long been on the list of water-stressed nations. Before its separation from Malaysia in 1965 it was already relying on Peninsular Malaysia for much of its fresh water supply through long-term agreements. Currently, about half of Singapore's water requirement is piped to the republic via the causeway from the southern peninsula state of Johor--a source that of late has become a bone of contention that is affecting bilateral relations. While Singapore has been exploring and implementing policies to improve the efficiency of water usage through reduced per capita consumption and wastage, recycling, and measures to diversify water supply sources, the prevailing high dependence on Malaysia is seen as unhealthy to its long-term security interests and economic development. Underpinning all this is Singapore's determination to overcome its vulnerability and, in so doing, Singapore has managed to evolve a highly efficient water management system, second to none in the region, if not the world.